Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Cullage Assessment & Education

Quarantine Pests & Phytosanitary Certification

All fruit export shipments must be inspected and certified to be pest-free for the quarantine pests listed for the specific destination country. Depending on your location, either USDA or USDA certified state agents perform these inspections just prior to loading shipments for transport. However, before this can happen each facility wishing to export to a specific country must be registered well in advance with USDA, the state agency and/or with a shipping agent responsible for negotiating the export agreement with the country for which you wish to ship.

Some countries have additional treatment requirements and declarations for either specific arthropod or disease pests. For more information on the phytosanitary requirements of the country for which you would like to export, or how to become a registered exporting facility see the list of contacts to the right.

Quarantine Pests

Listed below are quarantine pests (insects and mites only) with the specific country requiring pest-free phytosanitary certification. The list may not be complete as pests may be added at any time by the export country. Some of the pests listed here do not occur on apples or pear, and may not even be found in the Pacific Northwest. They are included here because they appear on that country's general pest quarantine list which does not discriminate between crops or their origins. An attempt was made here to indicate which pests are not found here. Countries not included in this list either do not allow import of apples or pears, do not list any specific pests, or are included under the European Union. Also, recently added to this list: pathogens such as fungal or bacterial pest organisms that may be included on the phytosanitary certificate are shown in green. Check with your inspectors or exporter for additional information on required treatments, labelling and additional quarantine organisms. Additional country specific shipping information can be found at NHC's Export Manual: Individual Countries.

Footnote Key:
1 From area certified to be free of pest, or shipment treated for;
2 not known to be in WA;
3 even dead specimen will cause shipment rejection;
4 known to already occur in that country.


Quaratine Pest

Apples & Pears
Argentina Plum Curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Cherry fruit worm (Cydia packardi)
Lesser apple worm (Cydia prunivora)
Apple maggot1 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Sapote fruit fly2 (Anastrepha serpentina)
Fireblight (Erwina amylovora)
Armenia Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta = Grapholita molesta)
Apple maggot1 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Azerbaijan Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta = Grapholita molesta)
Apple maggot1 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Brazil Citrus flat mite (Brevipalpus lewsisi)
Plum Curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Lesser apple worm (Cydia prunivora)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Pacific spider mite (Tetranychus pacificus)
Fireblight (Erwina amylovora)
Rusts (Gymnosporangium spp.)
Apple leaf blotch (Phyllosticta solitaria)
Canada Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Chile Apple maggot1 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Plum Curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Pear psylla (Carcopsylla pyricola)
Fireblight (Erwina amylovora)

Contact Northwest Fruit Exporters to verify list
Not all items on this list are found in apple or pear, and may not be present in Washington State.

Dock Sawfly (Ametastegia glabrata)
So. Amer. fruit fly (Anastrepha fraterculus)
Caribbean fruit fly (Anastrepha suspens)
Apple curculio (Anthonomus quadrigibbus)
Mediteranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata)
Oblique-banded leafroller (Choristoneura rosaceana)
Quince curculio (Conotrachelus crataegi)
Plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Lesser appleworm [Cydia (Grapholita) prunivora]
Cherry fruitworm [Cydia (Grapholita) packardi]
Codling moth [Cydia (Grapholita) pomonella]
Apple leaf midge (Dasineura mali)
Rosy apple aphid (Dysaphis plantaginea)
Light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)
Wooly apple aphid (Eriosoma langigerum)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
White-banded fly (Rhagoletis tabellaria)
Pear thrips (Taeniothrips inconsequens)
McDaniel spider mite (Tetranychus mcdanieli)
Twospotted spider mite (Tetranychus pacificus)
Fire blight (Erwinia amylovora)
Cedar-quince rust (Gymnosporangium clavipes)
Brown rot of stone fruit (Monilinia fructicola)
Bull's eye rot (Neofabraea malicortici; N. perennans)
Phacidiopycnis washingtonensis
Side rot (Phialophora malorum)
Sphaeropsis rot (Sphaeropsis pyriputrescens)
Apple scab (Venturia inaequalis)

Colombia Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella plus other Cydia spp.)
San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
Pink hibiscus mealybug2 (Maconellicoccus hirsutus)
Cuba Fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea)
San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Citrus flat mite (Brevipalpus lewsisi)
Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis)
Sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci type B.)
European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis)
Japanese beetle (Polillia japonica)
Gypsy moth (Porthetria dispar)
Pink hibiscus mealybug2 (Maconellicoccus hirsutus)
Apple maggot1 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Medeteranian fruit fly2 (Ceratitis capitata)
Mexican fruit fly2 (Anastrepha ludens)
Sapote fruit fly 2 (Anastrepha serpentina)
Oriental fruit fly2 (Bactrocera dorsalis)
European red mite (Panonychus ulmi) "low levels tolerated"
Dominican Republic Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Medeteranian fruit fly2 (Ceratitis capitata)
Oriental fruit fly2 (Bactrocera dorsalis)
Ecuador Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Oriental fruit fly2 (Bactrocera dorsalis)
Rhagoletis spp.
Egypt San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
Peach twig borer4 (Anarsia lineatella)
Green apple aphid4 (Aphis pomi)
Grape mealybug4 (Pseudococcus maritimus)
Codling moth4 (Cydia pomonella)
Woolly apple aphid4 (Eriosoma lanigerum)
European Red mite4 (Panonychus ulmi)
Fireblight4 (Erwina amylovora)
Apple scab4 (Venturia inaequalis)
El Salvador Pink hibiscus mealybug1,2 (Maconellicoccus hirsutus)
European Union Cherry fruit worm (Grapholita packardi)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Western cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis indifferends)
Apple curculio (Tachypterellus quadrigibbus)
Brown rot (Monilinia fructiciola)
Georgia Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
India Check with Importer
Indonesia Black cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis fausta)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
several other fruit flies not in the Pacific Northwest
Iran Contact USDA/APHIS Export Service 301.734.8537
Isreal San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
"fruit flies" (not specified)
"fruit moths" (not specified)
"external feeders" (mites, mealybugs, aphids, etc.)
check for "disease" symptoms
Japan Fireblight (Erwina amylovora)
Jordan San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Tephritid fruit flies
"mites" (not specified)
Fireblight (Erwina amylovora)
"fungi" (not specified)
Kazakhstan Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Korea Apple & Pears prohibited due to unspecified pests
Mexico Naval orangeworm2 (Amyelois transitella)
Western fruit-tree leafroller (Archips argyrospilus)
Orange tortrix2 (Argyrotaenia citrana)
Oblique banded leaf roller (Choristaneura rosaceana)
Plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Omnivorous leaf roller2 (Platynota stultana)
Carob moth2 (Spectrobates ceratoniae)
Khapra beetle2 (Trogoderma granarium)
Morocco Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
New Zealand Plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Winter moth (Operophtera brumata)
Cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis spp.)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Nicaragua Pink hibiscus mealybug1,2 (Maconellicoccus hirsutus)
Norway Apple maggot3 (Rhagoletis pomonella)
San Jose scale3 (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
Pakistan List pending country submission to APHIS
Peru Oriental fruit fly1,2 (Bactrocera dorsalis)
Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Lesser apple worm (Cydia prunivora)
Russia Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Saudia Arabia San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)
South Africa Apples, pears & cherries prohibited from ID, OR, & WA and any other location with the following:
Mexican fruit fly2 (Anastrepha ludens)
mite2 (Eotetranychus pruni)
6-spotted mite2 (Eotetranychus sexmaculatus)
4-spotted spider mite2 (Tetranychus canadensis)
McDaniel spider mite (Tetranychus McDaniel)
Pacific spider mite2 (Tetranychus Pacificus)
Schoene spider mite2 (Tetranychus Schoenei)
From other states - must be free of:
South American fruit fly2 (Anastrepha Fraterculus)
West Indian fruit fly2 (A. mombinpraeoptans)
Oriental fruit fly2 (Bactrocera Dorsalis)
Oriental fruit moth (Cydia molesta)
Queensland fruit fly2 (Dacus tryoni)
mite2 (Eotetranychus pruni)
six-spotted mite2 (E. sexmaculatus)
pear psyllid (Psylla pyricola)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Hawthorne spider-mite2 (Tetranychus canadensis)
McDaniel spider mite (T. mcdanieli)
Pacific spider mite2 (T. pacificus)
Schoene spider mite2 (T. scheoenei)
Spider mite2 (T.viennensis)
Taiwan Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis)
Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella)
Venezuela Codling moth (Cydia pomonella)
Vietnam San Jose scale (Quadraspidiosus perniciosus)


Quick Links:

Export Contacts


Mexico Apple Program

Program email for Yakima area

Steve Miller, Acting Mexico Apple Coordinator
Phone: 509-353-2950
Windy Aluard, Office Manager
Jodi Godinez, Yakima Technician, 509-949-7323
1710 S 24th Ave., Yakima, WA 98902
Brad Smith, Wenatchee area Technician, 509-949-7321

Tawain Apple Program

Mike Schell, Acting Taiwan Apple Coordinator, PPQ Officer, Wenatchee, 509-710-1119
Federal Building PO Box 3085
301 Yakima St. Rm. 204A,
Wenatchee, WA 98801
(or see Directory )

Idaho State

Curt Thornburg, Exp.Cert. Sp..
Phone: 208-373-1600
Fax: 208-378-5794,
9118 W Blackeagle Dr.,
Boise, ID 83709

Brian Marschman, Plt. Hlth. Dir.
9118 W Blackeagle Dr.,
Boise, ID 83709
Phone: 208-373-1600
Fax: 208-378-5794,

Paul Verhagen, Tech.
Phone: 208-373-1600
(also helps covers OR & MT)
(or see Directory )

USDA - Oregon

Melissa Morrison, Plt. Hlth Sp.
Phone: 503-326-2814 x2.25
Fax: 503-326-2969
6135 NE 80th Ave., Ste. A-5, Portland, OR 97218
(or see Directory )

USDA - California

Export Certification Specialists Directory (Too many to list here.)

Washington State Inspections

WSDA - Headquarters

Jim Nelson, Acting Administrator
Office Phone: 509-884-4253
Cell Phone: 509-688-1284

SE/SW Regions

Mark Jolley, SW Regional Mgr.
Maria Valle, Act. SE Reg. Mgr.
Jan Hauser, Mexico Registration
21 North First Street, Suite 226
Yakima, Washington 98902
Phone: 509-249-6900
Fax: 509-575-2537
Wapato Phone: 509-877-2411, Fax: 509-877-6110
Pasco Phone: 509-547-4064, Fax: 509)-545-6879

NE/NW Regions

Brinda Buckmiller, Acting NE Regional Mgr.
Office Phone: 509-884-4259
Bill Walker, NW Regional Mgr.
Office Phone: 509-886-4259
Cell Phone: 509-885-6172

Wenatchee Office:
270 9th St. NE, Ste. 101-A
East Wenatchee, WA 98802
Phone: 509-662-6161
Toll Free 866-687-1557
Fax: 509-663-3030

District Offices

Northern Region
Brewster: 509-689-3434
Chelan: 509-682-2132
Othello: 509-488-2862
Quincy: 509-787-1541
Southern Region

Pasco: 509-547-4064
Wapato: 509-877-2411

Idaho Inspections


Jared Stuart, Section Mngr. (Boise)
Phone: 208-332-8622
Denise Hughes, Section Mngr. (Parma)
Phone: 208-722-7084

Oregon Inspections

ODA Commodities Insepection Division

Casey Prentis, Operations Mngr.
Phone: 503-889-5274
Kathy Boland-Phelps, District Mngr. (Hood River)
Phone: 541-386-2040
Cell: 541-490-0360
Pete Veliz, District Mngr. (Hermiston)
Phone: 541-567-2251
Fax: (541) 938-7605

Main Office email
Phone: (503) 986-4620
Fax:(503) 986-4737
Commodity Website
Regional Offices Contacts

California Inspections


Shipping Point Inspection Office Directory

Exporter Agents

Northwest Horticultural Council

105 South 18th Street, Suite 105, Yakima, WA 98901
Phone: 509-453-3193
FAX 509-457-7615
Web site:
Christian Schlect, President
Mark Powers, Vice President

Northwest Fruit Exporters

Apples/Sweet Cherries
105 South 18th Street, Suite 227; Yakima, WA 98901
Phone: 509-576-8004
FAX 509-576-3646
Fred Scarlett, Manager
Paul McCarthy, Assistant Mngr.
Marilee Rehfield, Administrative Assistant

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WSU-Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center, 1100 N Western Ave., Wenatchee, WA 98801 509-663-8181, Contact Us