Tree Fruit Research & Extension Center

Cullage Assessment & Education

Quick Identification Guide to Apple Postharvest Defects & Disorders

Physiological Disorders

The Physiological Disorders section of the card set includes most the common disorders of physiological origins found during the sorting and packing of Washington apples. Bitter pit, scalds and lenticel conditions are just a few of the items presented in this section. At a later date more cards may be developed for this section which would include any emerging or reclassified disorders. For ordering information visit the Order Information section of the Introduction. The cards shown on this site are slightly modified to accomodate web formatting. Figures may appear fragmented in some browsers. Please report viewing problems here. Any reproduction of the card images or content without permission is in violation of WSU Copyright policies.



PHYSIOLOGICAL: Superficial Scald  

Superficial Scald

Superficial scald is a very common postharvest disorder. The appearance and severity depends on the susceptibility of the variety with Granny Smith and Red Delicious being among the worst affected. The skin of the affected fruit turns brown in patches, especially on the shaded side, and may become rough. Only the surface of the fruit is affected, with the flesh remaining firm and of eating quality. The margins between normal and affected skin are diffuse. Browning develops rapidly once the fruit is moved from cold storage to room temperature. (Compare to Senescent scald.)

Figure 1: Superficial scald appears as brown rough patches on this Granny Smith apple.





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